It-pionjärerna har hamnat på museum (VR)

Where do most of the internet users live? (News and Events from University of Oxford)

Four generations of Computers

Bletchley park (Alan Turing)

Så knäckte svensk professor nazisternas hemligaste chiffer (Arne Beurling)

In the journal ”Technology and Culture”

Review in journal Technology and Culture of
”It Began with Babbage: The Genesis of Computer Science.
By Subrata Dasgupta. New York: Oxford University Press, 2014.”

”But the nascent community of computer scientists had succeeded in identifying a set of epistemic objects, such as algorithms, data structures, and programming languages, around which to build a disciplinary apparatus, and they had developed a standard terminology, a conceptual toolkit, and even a first range of textbooks.

At this point, the idea of automatic computation as founding principle of computer science shows its limitations. To be fair, historians of computing are just starting to explore the social and intellectual processes of boundary work that led to the formation of computer science. Nevertheless, they have identified the shift away from the particular physical machine toward the study of universal computational processes as one of the key transformations in the emergence of computer science.”
Punch-Card Systems and the Early Information Explosion,
1880–1945.By Lars Heide.Baltimore:Johns Hopkins University Press,2009

”I am familiar with most of the available literature on punch-card technology. But it was only after reading Lars Heide that I felt I truly understood how such systems worked inpractice,and the specific ways in which these systems both prefigured and differed significantly from—later developments in electronic computing”.

Carroll W. Pursell, “Technologies as Cultural Practice and Production,” 716 – 17. A similar point is made in Peter Galison, “The Ontology of the Enemy,” 265.

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